Civil court Decree - vs- Wakf Board Gazatte publication - Revenue entries later - have no valid in eye of law against the civil decree - Title suit was decreed against the Wakf Board - become final - late Wakf Board commissioner can not notify the survey number as wakf property against the orders of Civil Court - Tribunal can not order for publishing Gazatte notification - consequent mutations in entries of Revenue Records holds no validity - Their lordships allowed the appeal and dismissed the suit of Wakf Board and decreed the injunction suit of legal heirs of plaintiff of O.S. No.43/1987 who obtained title decree against the wakf board = Syed Ameen, S/o.Mohiuddin,R/o.Thangadapally Village, Choutuppal Mandal,Nalgonda District....Petitioners/Defendant Nos.9 and 10 Andhra Pradesh State Wakf Board,Represented by its Chief Executive Officer,Mukarram Jahi Road, Hyderabad...Respondent/Plaintiff = 2014 (Feb. Part) judis.nic.in/judis_andhra/filename=10940

Civil court Decree - vs- Wakf Board Gazatte publication - Revenue entries later - have no valid in eye of law against the civil decree - Title suit was decreed against the Wakf Board - become final - late Wakf Board commissioner can not notify the survey number as wakf property against the orders of Civil Court - Tribunal can not order for publishing Gazatte notification - consequent mutations in entries of Revenue Records holds no validity - Their lordships allowed the appeal and dismissed the suit of Wakf Board and decreed the injunction suit of legal heirs of plaintiff of O.S. No.43/1987 who obtained title decree against the wakf board =


Zaheda Begum filed OS.No.43 of 1987 against Lal Mohammed, Andhra Pradesh Wakf     
Board (for short, 'the Wakf Board') and three others on the file of the Sub-
Ordinate Judge, Bhongir for declaration of her title and for a perpetual
injunction By judgment and decree dt.09.02.1990, the Sub-Ordinate Judge, Bhongir,
decreed OS.No.43 of 1987 . He held: 
"9. I have gone through the statement of PW1. Though it is stated in the written
statement of defendants that the suit property is Wakf property but defendant
no.5 which is the Wakf board did not choose to examine any witnesses or filed
any documents to show that the suit survey no.356 is Wakf property. In other
words the plaintiff has filed documentary evidence to show that the suit survey
No.356 belongs to Sri Lal Mohammed and the said Lal Mohammed has gifted away    
Ac.1.00 gts of land out of survey No.356 through a registered gift deed dated
16-10-1984 which is marked as Ex.A.2.  ... ... ...It is seen that as per the
written statement filed by the defendants 1 & 2 herein in OS.No.202/87 it is
alleged that the donor of the plaintiff by name Sri Lal Mohammed got his name
recorded as pattedar illegally without the knowledge of the A.P. Wakf Board that
means the name of the donor of the plaintiff is recorded as pattedar in the
revenue records, if it is so nothing prevented the Wakf Board or the defendants
1 and 2 herein to get the name of Sri Lal Mohammed, who is the donor of the
plaintiff, removed from the revenue records as pattedar. ... ... ... Until and
unless the defendants 1 to 5 produce the documents to rebut the documents filed
by the plaintiff to show that the suit land of Ac.1.00 gts is Wakf property I
hold that the statement of PW.1 remains unchallenged and the documents produced  
by the plaintiff should and must be believed unless they are disproved by the
defendants. ... ... ...  In the absence of any documentary and oral evidence
produced by the defendants, I hold that the gift deed was executed by Lal
Mohammed and since Lal Mohammed's name is shown as pattedar in the revenue     
records in respect of survey No.356, it cannot be said the Lal Mohammed has no
right to gift away the suit property to the plaintiff.  As such I hold that the
plaintiff has proved the gift deed.  Hence I answer this issue in favour of the
plaintiff and against the defendants....
12. Issue No.4 : Since the defendant No.5 did not chose to examine any witnesses
and produced any documents to show that the suit survey No.356 is Inam land.  As
such I hold that the suit land is not the Inam land.  Hence, I answer this issue
accordingly."
          (emphasis supplied)
14.  Thus it was held that  that suit sy.no.356 is not Wakf property or Inam
land.  This judgement became final as no appeal was preferred against it by the
Wakf Board. 

THE GAZETTE PUBLICATIONS       
16. While this was going on, the State Government published on 15.2.1990 a list
of Wakf properties in Nalgonda District which had been surveyed under Section 4
(3) of the Wakf Act, 1954 in exercise of its power under Section 5 (2) of the
said Act.  In the said Gazette at pg.184, Sl.No.14260, the Dargah at Lakkaram
Village was mentioned.
PLEADINGS IN O.S.4/2000    
19. The Wakf Board filed OS.No.4 of 2000 on the file of the Andhra Pradesh State
Wakf Tribunal, Hyderabad (for short, 'the Tribunal') contending that the entire
extent of Acs.2.21 gts in Sy.No.356 is Wakf property attached to the Dargah;
that a Survey Commissioner had been appointed to survey the lands attached to
the Durga; that a Gazette dt.15.02.1990 had been published indicating the
properties of the said Dargah but on account of a printing mistake Sy.No.856
was printed instead of Sy.No.356; that this was corrected by issuing the errata
on 13.1.2000; that the legal heirs of Khaja Moinuddin had no right to sell the
property to Syed Ameen and Syed Rasool under the sale deed dt.03.06.1994; that 
the legal heirs of Khaja Moinuddin along with Syed Ameen and Syed Rasool had 
executed  two registered agreements of sale dt.29.12.1999 and one reistered
agreement of sale dt.30.12.1999 in favour of defendant Nos.11 to 13 therein and
these documents (sale deed dt.3.6.1994 and agreements of sale dt.29.12.1999 and 
30.12.1999)  be cancelled by declaring them as null and void and not binding on
the Wakf Board. 
Powers of Wakf Tribunal in publishing Gazette -
Section 5 of the Wakf Act, 1995 states that after the Survey Commissioner
submits its report under Sub-Section (3) of Section 4 to the State Government
would forward the copy of the said report to the Wakf Board and the Wakf Board
would then examine the report and then get it published in the Gazette.
63. In a situation like the present one, when the Wakf Board is aware that its
title in respect of a particular parcel of land is lost by a decree of a Civil
Court, it cannot override the said decision of the civil court  by directing
publication in the Gazette of a list of Wakfs properties prepared by the Survey
Commissioner which include the property which was subject matter of the said
litigation.  This would amount permitting a party to litigation to escape the
consequences of a judgment by misusing the provisions of the Wakf Act, 1995.
The 2nd proviso to sub-Section (1) of Section 7 bars the Tribunal from reopening
any question which had been heard and finally decided by a Civil Court in a suit
instituted before the commencement of the Wakf Act, 1995.  Since the issue of
title to the land in Sy.No.356 was decided by the Civil Court in OS.No.43 of
1987, this provision bars the Tribunal from reopening the said question.
Revenue entries basing on Gazatte not valid
 I am also unable to agree with finding of the Tribunal that Syed Ameen and
Syed Rasool were not in possession of land in Ac.1.00 in Sy.No.356 on date of
filing of O.S.79/1999 (O.S.156/2000). The Pahanis for the year 1994-95, 95-96
and 96-97 show the possession of Syed Ameen and Syed Rasool in respect of  
Ac.1.00gts  in Sy.No.356. The said entries are presumed to have been made in the
normal course after verification by the Revenue authorities. They cannot be
given a go by merely because they do not mention about  an order under the A.P.
Record of Rights in Land and Pattedar Pass Books Act, 1971 in their favour. In
my view it is not necessary for them to prove that they are cultivating the land
either.  Since the entries about possession of the Wakf Board  in the subsequent
pahanies were made on the basis of the Ex.A13 order of the Joint Collector in an
appeal under the A.P. (Telangana Area) Abolition of Inams Act,1955, and the said
order was held to be without jurisdiction supra, the later entries cannot be
believed. 
Therefore  it is held that Syed Ameen and Syed Rasool are  in
possession of this land on the date of filing of the suit O.S.No.79/1999
(O.S.No.156 of 2000). They are therefore entitled to perpetual injunction
restraining the Wakf Board and other defendants therein from interfering with
their possession and enjoyment of Ac.1.00 gts in Sy.No.356 mentioned in the
plaint schedule thereto.
Therefore, the common judgment in OS.No.4 of 2000 and OS.No.156 of 2000 is  
set aside and OS.No.156 of 2000 is decreed and OS.No.4 of 2000 is dismissed. 
The Civil Revision Petitions are allowed as above with costs of Rs.2,500/- to be
paid by the Wakf Board to each of the petitioners in the CRPs.
2014 (Feb. Part) judis.nic.in/judis_andhra/filename=10940
THE HONOURABLE SRI JUSTICE M.S.RAMACHANDRA RAO              

C.R.P.Nos.2037 of 2012 AND BATCH  

 25.02.2014

Syed Ameen, S/o.Mohiuddin,R/o.Thangadapally Village, Choutuppal Mandal,Nalgonda  
District....Petitioners/Defendant Nos.9 and 10

Andhra Pradesh State Wakf Board,Represented by its Chief Executive
Officer,Mukarram Jahi Road, Hyderabad...Respondent/Plaintiff

Counsel for the Petitioners/Defendant Nos.9 and 10:Sri P. Gangi Rami Reddy
       
Counsel for the Respondents/Respondents:Sri MAK. Mukheed  
                                         Sri A.M. Qureshi
                                         Sri Mir Masood Khan  

<GIST:

>HEAD NOTE:  

?Cases referred:

1.      AIR 1953 SC 33
2.      AIR 1971 SC 664
3.      AIR 1998 SC 972
4.      66 Indian Appeals 145
5.      AIR 1982 AP 454
6.      (2003) 10 SCC 578
7.      (2007) 8 SCC 329
8.      AIR 1953 SC 65
9.      Virender Singh Hooda v. State of Haryana ... (2004) 12 SCC 588


THE HONOURABLE SRI JUSTICE M.S. RAMACHANDRA RAO              

C.R.P.No.2037 of 2012

The Court made the following :  [order follows]

THE HONOURABLE SRI JUSTICE M.S.RAMACHANDRA RAO              

C.R.P.Nos.2037, 2053, 2384 of 2012; & CRP.Nos.5236 and 5237 of 2013  

COMMON ORDER:    

        As the issues in all these Revisions are interconnected, they are being
disposed of by this common order.
        The facts leading to the filing of these Revisions are as under :
2. There is an extent of Acs.2.21 gts in Sy.No.356 of Choutuppal Village and
Mandal, Nalgonda District.  There is a Dargah by name Dargah Hazrath Syed Abbas
(for short 'the Dargah') situated at Lakkaram Village, Ramannapet Taluk,
Nalgonda District.  The Muthawallis of the said Dargah were Lal Mohammed and
Mohammed Imam. Khaja Moinuddin is the brother of Lal Mohammed.    
3.   Jahangeer Bee is the wife of Lal Mohammed and his sons are Mohammed Sadiq,  
Mohammed Thahar and Mohammed Saleem.  One Zaheda Begum is the niece of Lal      
Mohammed.  
4. Khaja Moinuddin's wife is Sabera Bee and his children are Mohammed Baba,
Mohammed Sarwar, Hussain Bee, Shanna Begum, Ghousia Begum and Aasiya Begum.        
5. An extent of Acs.1.00 in Sy.No.356 of Choutuppal Village and Mandal, Nalgonda
District was sold by the wife and children of Khaja Moinuddin to Syed Ameen and
Syed Rasool under a registered sale deed dt.03.06.1994.
6. Lal Mohammed gifted Ac.1.00 in Sy.No.356 of Choutuppal Village and Mandal,
Nalgonda District to his niece Zaheda Begum under a registered Gift Deed
dt.16.10.1984.
O.S.NO.43/1987
7. Zaheda Begum filed OS.No.43 of 1987 against Lal Mohammed, Andhra Pradesh Wakf     
Board (for short, 'the Wakf Board') and three others on the file of the Sub-
Ordinate Judge, Bhongir for declaration of her title and for a perpetual
injunction restraining the defendants therein from interfering with her peaceful
possession and enjoyment of the extent of Ac.1.00 of land in Sy.No.356 which had
been gifted to her under the registered Gift Deed dt.16.10.1984 by Lal Mohammed.
She alleged that this property was gifted to her by Lal Mohammed (who was 4th
defendant in that suit); that she was put in possession and enjoyment of the
same by him; that she got a lay-out sanctioned vide letter JO.61/85
dt.11.10.1985 by the Panchayati Samithi, Choutuppal and prepared thirty-five
plots out of the gifted land; that Lal Mohammed was asserting that he is the
owner of extent of Acs.2.21 gts in Sy.No.356 even after gifting Ac.1.00 gts
therein to her and was trying to encroach over the land gifted to her by him;
that defendant Nos.1 to 3 therein also were trying to dispossess her stating
that the gifted property is only a grave yard; that all the defendants including
the Wakf Board were trying to dispossess her from the said property and on
04.10.1987 they attempted to dispossess her by denying her ownership of this
land.
8. The defendant Nos.1 to 3 therein filed a written statement denying the said
gift by Lal Mohammed to Zaheda Begum and contended that the land gifted to her
is not patta land but was Inam land attached to the above Dargah and was a grave
yard exclusively used by people of Muslim community and under the control of the
Wakf Board.
9.   Lal Mohammed/D-4 therein remained ex parte and did not file any written
statement.
10. The Wakf Board (D-5 in the suit O.S.No.43/1987 ) engaged a counsel Sri K.
Ravinder Reddy and filed a written statement contending that the land in
Sy.No.356 relates to the Wakf Board and was endowed by the Government to the
Dargah for its upkeep and maintenance and not in favour of Muthawallis of the
Dargah; that there is no question of Gift of this Wakf land to any individual
without permission or consent of the Wakf Board in view of the provisions of the
Wakf Act, 1954; that the Gift Deed in favour of Zaheda Begum by Lal Mohammed is
valid and he had no authority to execute it; Zaheda Begum had no possession or
title over the land; and Lal Mohammed or his legal heirs were never appointed as
Muthawallis of the said Dargah.

11. The Sub-Ordinate Judge framed the following issues :
"1.     Whether the plaintiff is the owner and possessor of the suit land by
virtue of the registered Gift deed dated 16-10-1984 executed by defendant No.4 ?
2.      Whether the plaintiff is entitled to be decreed as owner and possessor of
the suit land ?
3.      Whether the plaintiff is entitled for the perpetual injunction as prayed
for ?
4.      Whether the suit land is Inam land attached to the Dargah of "Azrath Syed
Abbas Rahmathullah Alhey" as alleged by Defendants 1 to 3 ?
5.      Whether the subject matter of the OS.No.202 of 1987 on the file of
District Munsiff, Ramannapet and the subject matter of this suit is one and the
same ? 
6.      Whether the suit is not properly valued and the court fee paid is not
sufficient ?
7.      Whether the Plaintiff is not the daughter of the def-4 as alleged by
defendant No.5 ?
8.      To what relief ?"
12. Zaheda Begum examined her husband as PW.1 and marked Exs.A.1 to A.9.  The    
Wakf Board and the other defendants, including Lal Mohammed, did not examine any
witnesses or mark any documents.
13. By judgment and decree dt.09.02.1990, the Sub-Ordinate Judge, Bhongir,
decreed OS.No.43 of 1987 . He held: 
"9. I have gone through the statement of PW1. Though it is stated in the written
statement of defendants that the suit property is Wakf property but defendant
no.5 which is the Wakf board did not choose to examine any witnesses or filed
any documents to show that the suit survey no.356 is Wakf property. In other
words the plaintiff has filed documentary evidence to show that the suit survey
No.356 belongs to Sri Lal Mohammed and the said Lal Mohammed has gifted away    
Ac.1.00 gts of land out of survey No.356 through a registered gift deed dated
16-10-1984 which is marked as Ex.A.2.  ... ... ...It is seen that as per the
written statement filed by the defendants 1 & 2 herein in OS.No.202/87 it is
alleged that the donor of the plaintiff by name Sri Lal Mohammed got his name
recorded as pattedar illegally without the knowledge of the A.P. Wakf Board that
means the name of the donor of the plaintiff is recorded as pattedar in the
revenue records, if it is so nothing prevented the Wakf Board or the defendants
1 and 2 herein to get the name of Sri Lal Mohammed, who is the donor of the
plaintiff, removed from the revenue records as pattedar. ... ... ... Until and
unless the defendants 1 to 5 produce the documents to rebut the documents filed
by the plaintiff to show that the suit land of Ac.1.00 gts is Wakf property I
hold that the statement of PW.1 remains unchallenged and the documents produced  
by the plaintiff should and must be believed unless they are disproved by the
defendants. ... ... ...  In the absence of any documentary and oral evidence
produced by the defendants, I hold that the gift deed was executed by Lal
Mohammed and since Lal Mohammed's name is shown as pattedar in the revenue     
records in respect of survey No.356, it cannot be said the Lal Mohammed has no
right to gift away the suit property to the plaintiff.  As such I hold that the
plaintiff has proved the gift deed.  Hence I answer this issue in favour of the
plaintiff and against the defendants....
12. Issue No.4 : Since the defendant No.5 did not chose to examine any witnesses
and produced any documents to show that the suit survey No.356 is Inam land.  As
such I hold that the suit land is not the Inam land.  Hence, I answer this issue
accordingly."
          (emphasis supplied)
14.  Thus it was held that  that suit sy.no.356 is not Wakf property or Inam
land.  This judgement became final as no appeal was preferred against it by the
Wakf Board. 


O.S.NO.15/1991  
15. Subequently, OS.No.15 of 1991 was filed by the legal heirs of Khaja
Moinuddin against the legal representatives of Lal Mohammed and also Zaheda 
Begum and several others for partition and separate possession of the extent of
Acs.2.21 gts in Sy.No.356 alleging that it is the Matruka property of Lal
Mohammed and Khaja Moinuddin.  The suit was not pressed against the legal heirs 
of Lal Mohammed. On 29.03.1993, the said suit was decreed pursuant to a 
compromise between the parties thereto.  In the said compromise (i) the legal
representatives of Khaja Moinuddin were held entitled to an extent of Ac.1.00
gts to the west of the land of Acs.2.21 gts in Sy.No.356 (ii) an extent of
Ac.0.21 gts is covered by road and (iii) the remaining extent of Ac.1.00 gts was
given to Zaheda Begum (D-27 therein) on the ground that Lal Mohammed had
previously gifted this land to her.
THE GAZETTE PUBLICATIONS       
16. While this was going on, the State Government published on 15.2.1990 a list
of Wakf properties in Nalgonda District which had been surveyed under Section 4
(3) of the Wakf Act, 1954 in exercise of its power under Section 5 (2) of the
said Act.  In the said Gazette at pg.184, Sl.No.14260, the Dargah at Lakkaram
Village was mentioned. Instead of mentioning Sy.No.356 of Choutuppal village as
property belonging to the said Dargah, Sy.No.856 was mentioned erroneously
without indicating the name of the village.  Thereafter, an errata notification
was issued and published in the A.P.Gazette on 13.1.2000 correcting Sy.No.856 as
Sy.No.356 of Choutuppal Village.
PLEADINGS IN O.S.79/1999 (O.S156/2000)    
17. OS.No.79 of 1999 was filed by Syed Ameen and Syed Rasool, against the legal
heirs of Lal Mohammed (referred to supra) on the file of the Junior Civil Judge,
Ramannapet seeking a perpetual injunction. They  contended that they had
purchased an extent of Ac.1.00 in Sy.No.356 under the sale deed dt.03.06.1994
from the legal heirs of Khaja Moinuddin, i.e., the brother of Lal Mohammed by
paying a sum of Rs.80,000/- and the defendants had made an attempt to dispossess
them on 26.08.1999.
18. The legal heirs of Lal Mohammed filed written statement  contending that the
extent of property in the possession of the plaintiffs is a Wakf property
attached to the above Dargah and they had deliberately not impleaded the Wakf
Board as a party defendant; that the legal heirs of Khaja Moinuddin had no
authority to sell the property to the plaintiffs herein; that plaintiffs were
none other than nephews of Lal Mohammed and Lal Mohammed was the Muthawalli of    
the said Dargah; and that an extent of Acs.2.21 gts in Sy.No.356 was attached to
the said Dargah.
PLEADINGS IN O.S.4/2000    
19. The Wakf Board filed OS.No.4 of 2000 on the file of the Andhra Pradesh State
Wakf Tribunal, Hyderabad (for short, 'the Tribunal') contending that the entire
extent of Acs.2.21 gts in Sy.No.356 is Wakf property attached to the Dargah;
that a Survey Commissioner had been appointed to survey the lands attached to
the Durga; that a Gazette dt.15.02.1990 had been published indicating the
properties of the said Dargah but on account of a printing mistake Sy.No.856
was printed instead of Sy.No.356; that this was corrected by issuing the errata
on 13.1.2000; that the legal heirs of Khaja Moinuddin had no right to sell the
property to Syed Ameen and Syed Rasool under the sale deed dt.03.06.1994; that 
the legal heirs of Khaja Moinuddin along with Syed Ameen and Syed Rasool had 
executed  two registered agreements of sale dt.29.12.1999 and one reistered
agreement of sale dt.30.12.1999 in favour of defendant Nos.11 to 13 therein and
these documents (sale deed dt.3.6.1994 and agreements of sale dt.29.12.1999 and 
30.12.1999)  be cancelled by declaring them as null and void and not binding on
the Wakf Board. They also sought a perpetual injunction restraining the legal
heirs of Khaja Moinuddin, Syed Ameen and Syed Rasool and the purchasers from  
utilising the said documents and also to restrain them from interfering with the
alleged peaceful possession and enjoyment of the plaintiff Wakf Board over the
property.
20. A written statement was filed by D-1 to 13 (Legal heirs of Khaja Moinuddin
and purchasers from them)  contending that the land in Sy.No.356 is private
property and that the judgment and decree in OS.No.43 of 1987 filed by Zaheda
Begum against the Wakf Board was decreed holding that it was not Wakf property.
They also contended that OS.No.15 of 1991 had already been disposed of dividing
the properties between the legal heirs of Khaja Moinuddin and Lal Mohammed; that
the land in Sy.No.356 is not Wakf property in view of the above facts and the
Survey Commissioner or the Gazette publication cannot override or overrule the
judgment of the Sub-Ordinate Judge, Bhongir in OS.No.43 of 1987; and that all
the transactions entered into by the legal heirs of Khaja Moinuddin in favour of
Syed Ameen and Syed Rasool and the further transactions by these persons in
favour of defendant Nos.11 to 16 are all valid.
21. Defendant Nos.14 to 16 adopted the written statement of defendant Nos.1 to
13 and pleaded that defendant Nos.9 and 10 had sold a portion of the land in
Sy.No.356 to defendant Nos.11 to 13; that defendant Nos.14 and 15 are partners
with defendant Nos.11 to 13 under an agreement with the latter and they are in
joint possession of the purchased portion with defendant Nos.11 to 13.
Defendant No.16 claimed to be the purchaser of an extent of 192 Sq.yds. from
defendant Nos.9 and 10.
O.S.NO.79/1999 RENUMBERED AS O.S.156 OF 2000        
22. The suit OS.No.79 of 1999 filed before the Junior Civil Judge, Ramannapet,
Nalgonda District was transferred to the Tribunal to be tried along with OS.No.4
of 2000.  It was again renumbered as OS.No.156 of 2000 by the Tribunal.  The
Wakf Board was also impleaded in OS.No.156 of 2000 as 5th defendant by order
dt.06.02.2001 in IA.No.823 of 2000.
23. The Tribunal framed the following issues in OS.No.156 of 2000:
" 1.    Whether the suit property is a Wakf property ?
  2.    Whether the plaintiffs are entitled for perpetual injunction as prayed for
?
  3.    To what relief ?"
24. The Tribunal framed the following issues in OS.No.4 of 2000:
    "1.     Whether the suit property is Wakf property or not ?
2. Whether the plaintiff is entitled for perpetual injunction as prayed for ?
3. Whether the plaintiff is entitled to seek correction in AP-Gazette No.7-A dt
: 15-02-90 in respect of suit schedule property or misprinting of survey No.356
as survey No.856 in following documents, registered in the office of Sub-
Registrar, Nalgonda Dist.
a. Regd. Sale Deed bearing Document No.1190/94 dt : 03-06-1994.
b. Regd. Agreement of Sale bearing Document No.3772/99 dt.29-12-1999.
c. Regd. Agreement of Sale bearing document No.3773/99 dt : 29-12-1999.
d. Regd. Agreement of Sale bearing document No.3777/99 dt.30-12-1999.
4. To what relief ?
It also framed the following additional issues :
1. Whether the Wakf institution Dargah Hzt. Syed Abbas (Rh) situated at Lakkaram
Village, Ramannapet Tq. Nalgonda is having attached property in Sy.No.356 of
Choutuppal Village in addition to property in Sy.No.114 of Lakkaram Village ?
2. Whether the notice is necessary to the parties concerned before issuance of
Errata dated 3rd January, 2000 ?
3. Whether the plaintiff is entitled to make correction of original Gazette
notification dated : 15-02-1990 ?
4. Whether the Decree and Judgment in OS.No.43 of 1987 dated : 9th February 1990
by the Hon'ble Subordinate Judge, Bhongir, constitute Resjudicata ?
5. Whether the Judgment and Decree in OS.No.43 of 1987 dated 9th February, 1990
by the Hon'ble Subordinate Judge, Bhongir became part of Judgment in OS.No.15 of
1991 by the Hon'ble Sub-ordinate Judge at Bhongir ?
6. Whether the Defendant No.1 to 8 are entitled to claim title over the suit
schedule property by virtue of Judgment and Decree in OS.No.15 of 1991, on the
file of the Hon'ble Subordinate Judge, Bhongir ?
7. Whether the execution of sale deed and agreement of sale in favour of
defendant No.9 and 10 is valid ?
8. Whether the registered documents executed by defendant No.9 to 10 in favour
of other defendants are valid ?"
 THE DECISION OF THE TRIBUNAL    
25. By common judgment dt.12.01.2012, the Tribunal decreed OS.No.4 of 2000 and
dismissed OS.No.156 of 2000.
26. The tribunal held that the crucial issues to be decided are: (a)whether
Sy.No.356 of Choutuppal Village of extent Acs.2.21 gts. was attached to the
Dargah, (b)whether it is a service Inam land provided by the then rulers,
(c)whether the alienation of Ac.1.00 gts out of this extent to Zaheda Begum is
valid, and (d) whether the other Ac.1.00 gts allotted to the legal heirs of
Khaja Moinuddin could have been alienated to Syed Ameen and Syed Rasool under  
the sale deed dt.03.06.1994.
 It held that in view of the Gazette dt.15.02.1990 as amended by the errata
dt.13.01.2000, the land in Sy.No.356 has to be held as property attached to the
Dargah.  Relying on the survey report Ex.A.2 of the Survey Commissioner, it held
that the land in Sy.No.356 is a service Inam land attached to the Dargah which
is located in Sy.No.114 of Lakkaram village; that on account of a mistake, in
the Gazette dt.15.02.1990, Sy.No.356 was wrongly printed as Sy.No.856 and there
was no such Sy.No.856 in Lakkaram or Choutuppal Villages; that on realising the
error, the errata dt.13.01.2000 was published in the Gazette; taking advantage
of the misprint of the Sy.No. in the Gazette, the legal heirs of Khaja Moinuddin
and Lal Mohammed divided the properties under the collusive decree in OS.No.15
of 1991; and the evidence of the CEO of the Wakf Board as PW.1 in OS.No.4 of
2000 proves the above facts.  It held that no prior notice is necessary to the
purchasers of the land by the Wakf Board before publishing the errata in the
Gazette.
        It held that the genuineness of the Survey Commissioner's report cannot be
doubted and that in an order dt.21.05.2001, the Joint Collector, Nalgonda held
in an appeal under Section 24 (1) of the A.P. (Telangana Area) Abolition of
Inams Act, 1955 to which the legal representatives of Khaja Moinuddin are
parties  that the subject land is Mashroothul Khidmath Inam (conditional Inam)
granted in the name of an individual burdened with service to the Dargah Hazrath
Syed Abbas, a Wakf Institution under the Wakf Act, 1954 and that the Institution
is entitled to Occupancy Certificate for the said land on the abolition of the
Inam.
        It rejected the contention of the plaintiffs in OS.No.156 of 2000 that the
Joint Collector was not empowered to pass the order relating to Wakf properties
when suits were pending in the Tribunal.
It also noted that the plaintiff in OS.No.156 of 2000 admitted in their cross-
examination that they verified the revenue records before purchase and found as
per the Pahanis, the land was mentioned as Mafi Inam land and that the Pahanis
do not disclose the name of their vendor as Khatedars or Pattedars.
Once it is Wakf property, the Tribunal held that any alienation by Muthawalli or
their legal representatives would have no recognition under Law in view of
Section 51 of the Wakf Act, 1995 corresponding to Section 36 -A of the Wakf Act,
1954.
 It further held that the decision in OS.No.43 of 1987 would not operate as res
judicata since in that case only an extent of Ac.1.00 gts out of Acs.2.21 gts.
in Sy.No.356 was the subject matter and there is no declaration in OS.No.43 of
1987 that the land is not Wakf property and the only decision was that it is not
Inam land.  It therefore held that the said decision is not binding on the Wakf
Board since the property involved in OS.No.4 of 2000 and OS.No.156 of 2000 is
the entire extent of Acs.2.21 gts. in Sy.No.356.
        It also held that in spite of the sale in favour of Syed Ameen and Syed
Rasool, their vendors had participated in the proceedings under the Inam
Abolition Act where a decision was given that the land is Inam land attached to
the Dargah, and so the said sale deed was a sham document.
 It noted that in OS.No.15 of 1991, the suit was dismissed against some
defendants as can be seen from the final decree passed therein; that it is not
known who has endorsed that it was not pressed and on what understanding; and
that it is difficult to believe that a pious person like Lal Mohammed would have
given away his share in land without leaving anything for his own wife and
children when there is no evidence that he has got any other property.  It
therefore held that the judgment in OS.No.15 of 1991 is collusive.  Therefore,
it held that the sale deed dt.03.06.1994 in favour of Syed Ameen and Syed Rasool
has no legal sanctity since the subject matter of the said sale is Wakf property
and alienation thereof is prohibited by Law.
 Although in OS.No.43 of 1987 Ac.1.00 gts in Sy.No.356 was the subject matter,
since the entire extent of Acs.2.21 gts. in that survey number was the subject
matter of OS.No.4 of 2000, it held that  the decision in OS.No.43 of 1987 would
not operate as res judicata and bar OS.No.4 of 2000.
 It however held that the Pahanis for the year 1994-95, 95-96 and 96-97 show the
possession of Syed Ameen and Syed Rasool in respect of Ac.1.00gts  in Sy.No.356
but the said entries cannot be relied upon in the absence of an order under the
A.P. Record of Rights in Land and Pattedar Pass Books Act, 1971 mentioned in the
said Pahanis.  It held that the said persons did not produce evidence showing
that they were cultivating the land or examine neighbouring ryots.  It noted
that certain Pahanis subsequent to the above period showed the Wakf Board as
Pattedar and mentioned making of house plots.
 It however held that Zaheda Begum who had obtained the decree in OS.No.43 of
1987 in respect of Ac.1.00 in Sy.No.356 was not made a party in OS.No.4 of 2000
filed by the Board and the decision in OS.No.43 of 1987 was not challenged by
the Board. It therefore held that the decision in OS.No.43 of 1987 to that
extent of land operates as res judicata.
        It therefore dismissed OS.No.156 of 2000 and allowed OS.No.4 of 2000 and
set aside the sale deed dt.03.06.1994 in favour of Syed Ameen and Syed Rasool
and the other alienations made by the said persons. It also granted an
injunction restraining the petitioners/defendants in OS.No.4 of 2000 from
interfering with the possession and enjoyment of the Wakf Board over the
property.
THE CRP.NO.s 2037 OF 2012, 2053 OF 2012, 2384 OF 2012, 5236 AND 5237 OF 2013 :      
27. Challenging the said judgment, Syed Ameen and Syed Rasool, (the plaintiffs
in OS.No.156 of 2000, and defendant Nos.9 and 10 in OS.No.4 of 2000) filed
CRP.No.2037 of 2012 challenging the judgment in OS.No.4 of 2000; and CRP.No.2053  
of 2012 challenging the judgment in OS.No.156 of 2000.
28.  The defendant Nos.11, 12, 13 and 16 in OS.No.4 of 2000 filed CRP.No.2384 of
2012 challenging the judgment in OS.No.4 of 2000.
29. D. Kishtappa and nine others claiming to be purchasers of small extents of
land which fell to the share of Lal Mohammed filed CRP.No.5236 of 2013
challenging the judgment of the Tribunal in OS.No.4 of 2000 after obtaining
leave of this Court to challenge it in CRP.MP.No.4022 of 2012.
30. Likewise, G. Bixapathi and three others, also claiming to be purchasers of
small extents of land in the area allotted to Lal Mohammed filed CRP.No.5237 of
2013 challenging the judgment in OS.No.4 of 2000 after obtaining leave of this
Court to file the said Revision in CRP.MP.No.7880 of 2012.  All these Revisions
are filed under Section 83(9) of the Wakf Act, 1995.
31. Heard Sri P. Gangi Rami Reddy, counsel for the petitioners in all the
Revisions; Sri M.A. Mukheed, counsel for the Andhra Pradesh State Wakf Board/1st
Respondent in all the Revisions; and Sri A.M. Qureshi, counsel for respondent
Nos.1, 2 and 4/the legal representatives of Lal Mohammed, in CRP.No.2053 of
2012.
THE CONTENTIONS OF THE PARTIES      
32. The counsel for petitioners contended that the
1st respondent/Wakf Board was a party in OS.No.43 of 1987 filed by Zaheda Begum
where it had filed a written statement through a counsel stating that the entire
extent in Sy.No.356 is Wakf property attached to the above Dargah and that there
could not be a gift of any extent in Sy.No.356 in favour of Zaheda Begum by Lal
Mohammed; that defendant Nos.1 to 3 therein have taken a plea that the property
which is subject matter of the suit is not patta land but is Inam land attached
to the Dargah and is under the control of the Wakf Board; that in support of the
said plea it did not examine any witness or file any document to show that the
land in Sy.No.356 is Wakf property and the Sub-Ordinate Judge in his judgment
dt.09.02.1990 had held that the land in Sy.No.356 is not Inam land or Wakf
property and declared that the plaintiff is entitled for declaration and
injunction as owner and possessor of the land in Sy.No.356 of extent of Acs.1.00
gts;  therefore, he contended that in the light of the adjudication in OS.No.43
of 1987 that the land in Sy.No.356 is not Inam land attached to the Dargah or
Wakf property and it is the private property of Lal Mohammed, the said finding
is binding on the Wakf Board and would operate as res judicata in OS.No.4 of
2000 as well as in OS.No.156 of 2000; that this principle of res judicata would
be attracted to the facts of these cases because the identity of title of the
Wakf Board to the land in Sy.No.356 is the issue common to both OS.No.43 of 1987
and OS.No.156 of 2000/ OS.No.4 of 2000, even though the subject matter i.e., the
property in OS.No.43 of 1987 may be different from the subject matter in
OS.No.156 of 2000; that the subject matter in OS.No.43 of 1987 is also the
subject matter in OS.No.4 of 2000 and it was not open to the Wakf Tribunal to
come to the conclusion in its judgment in OS.No.4 of 2000  that the land in
Sy.No.356 is Wakf land contrary to the finding in OS.No.43 of 1987; that it is
the private property of Lal Mohammed and, therefore, not a Wakf property. He
relied upon the following decisions in Srimati Raj Lakshmi Dasi and others v.
Banamali Sen and others1 and Ram Gobinda Daw and others v. Smt. H. Bhakta Bala  
Dassi2.
33. The counsel for petitioners further contended that subsequent to the
decision in OS.No.43 of 1987 there was a compromise in OS.No.15 of 1991 between
the legal heirs of Khaja Moinuddin and Lal Mohammed and a compromise decree was  
passed on 29.03.1993 giving Ac.1.00 gts in Sy.No.356 to Zaheda Begum and another
acre in Sy.No.356 to the legal heirs of Lal Mohammed, the balance Acs.0.21 gts
being covered by a road; that the legal heirs of Khaja Moinuddin were competent
to alienate under the registered sale deed dt.03.06.1994 the extent of Ac.1.00
gts which had fallen to their share to  Syed Ameen and Syed Rasool in the above
property, and the latter were also competent to execute a registered agreement
of sale on 29.12.1999 and 30.12.1999 in favour of defendant Nos.11 to 13; that
defendant No.16 had independently purchased 192 Sq.yds. from Syed Ameen and Syed    
Rasool and none of these transactions could have been impugned by the Wakf Board
in OS.No.4 of 2000; that the Tribunal erred in holding that the judgment in
OS.No.43 of 1987 would not constitute res judicata in OS.No.156 of 2000 on the
ground that the extent of Ac.1.00 gts involved in OS.No.43 of 1987 was not the
subject matter in OS.No.156 of 2000; that the Tribunal erred in holding that in
OS.No.43 of 1987 there was no declaration that the land in Sy.No.356 is not Wakf
property; that once the Tribunal held that the land in Sy.No.356 is private
property and also that that it is not Wakf property, it is binding on the Wakf
Board ; and  the judgment in OS.No.4 of 2000 and OS.No.156 of 2000 be set aside
and OS.No.4 of 2000 be dismissed and OS.No.156 of 2000 be allowed.
34. On the other hand, the counsel for 1st respondent/Wakf Board contended that
the Survey Commissioner's report was marked as Ex.A.2; the Gazette notification
was marked as Ex.A.3; and the errata of the Gazette was notified on 13.01.2000
under Ex.A.4 and these documents conclusively show that the land in Sy.No.356 is
Wakf property; that the judgment in OS.No.43 of 1987 would not constitute res
judicata in OS.No.156 of 2000 or in OS.No.4 of 2000 for the reason that in
OS.No.43 of 1987 there is no declaration by the court that the land in Sy.No.356
is not Wakf property and the only declaration therein is that it is not Inam
property; that the extent of Ac.1.00 gts in Sy.No.356 which is the subject
matter of OS.No.156 of 2000 is not the subject matter in OS.No.43 of 1987; and
therefore, it was open to the Tribunal to hold that the land in Sy.No.356 is
Wakf property.
35. The counsel for respondent Nos.1, 2 and 4 in CRP.No.2053 of 2012 contended
that the determination by the court below in OS.No.43 of 1987 is not a
determination in a suit filed under Section 6 (1) of the Wakf Act,1995 , and
therefore, under sub-Section (5) of Section 7 of the Act, it was open to the
Tribunal to again decide whether the subject matter of the suits OS.No.4 of 2000
and OS.No.156 of 2000 was Wakf property or not. He relied upon the judgments in
Syed Ali v. A.P.Wakf Board, Hyderabad3 in support of his plea that the decision
of the court below in OS.No.43 of 1987 is not binding on the Tribunal in OS.No.4
of 2000 or OS.No.156 of 2000.
THE CONSIDERATION BY THIS COURT      
36. I have noted the submissions of the respective parties.
37. There is no dispute that in OS.No.43 of 1987 Zaheda Begum claimed an extent
of Ac.1.00 gts in Sy.No.356 as having been gifted to her under a registered Gift
Deed dt.16.10.1984 by Lal Mohammed, her paternal uncle.  She had sought relief
of declaration and title and a perpetual injunction restraining the defendants
therein, including Lal Mohammed and the Andhra Pradesh Wakf Board (5th defendant
therein) from interfering with her possession and enjoyment of the said land.
Defendant Nos.1 to 3 in that suit had taken a plea that the plaint schedule
property was not patta land but was Inam land attached to the Dargah under the
control of the Wakf Board.  The Wakf Board had also filed a written statement
stating that the land in Sy.No.356 related to the Wakf Board which had been
endowed by the Government to the Dargah and there was no question of gifting of
the said land without the consent of the Wakf Board under the Wakf Act, 1954.
The Sub-Ordinate Judge, Bhongir framed the issue : 'Whether the suit land is
Inam land attached to the Dargah of "Azrath Syed Abbas Rahmathullah Alhey" as
alleged by Defendants 1 to 3 ?'.  The Wakf Board did not examine any witness or
mark any document.  Therefore, the Sub-Ordinate Judge, Bhongir decreed the suit
OS.No.43 of 1987 on 09.02.1990 declaring the title of Zaheda Begum to the extent
of Ac.1.00 gts in Sy.No.356 and also holding that the said land is not Inam
land. In the said judgment it also observed " defendant no.5 Wakf board did not
choose to examine any witnesses or file any document to show that suit Survey
no.356 is Wakf property...Until and unless the defendants 1-5 produce documents
to rebut the documents filed by the plaintiff to show that the suit land of
Ac.1.00 gts is Wakf property, I hold that the statement of PW1 remains
unchallenged and the documents produced by the plaintiff should be believed
unless they are disproved by the defendants..."  Thus, clearly the Civil court
had held that land in Survey No.356 was not Wakf property and rejected the plea
of the Wakf Board  that the land in Sy.No.356 is Wakf property .  This judgment
became final as there was no challenge to it by the Wakf Board.
38. Although the counsel for Wakf Board sought to contend that the Wakf Board
had no knowledge about the said suit and that the counsel who represented the
Wakf Board in that suit was not authorised to represent the Wakf Board, I am not
inclined to entertain the said plea. The Wakf Board should have raised such a
plea in the Tribunal and adduced evidence to show that the Wakf Board did not
receive any notice from the Court in O.S.No.43/1987 and that it did not engage
Counsel K.Ravindra Reddy. It did not do so.
39. The basis of gift by Lal Mohammed to Zaheda Begum and the basis for transfer
of land by legal heirs of Khaja Moinuddin to Syed Ameen and Syed Rasool was that
land in Sy.No.356 was not Wakf property but was their matruka property. In
O.S.43 of 1987, the Court held that land in Sy.No.356 was not Wakf property but
private property.
40.  It may be that in O.S.No.43 of 1987 Khaja Moinuddin was not a party and Lal
Mohammed/Zaheda Begum were a parties. But in the land in Sy.No.356, Lal Mohammed    
claimed to be owner of Ac.1.00 and Khaja Moinuddin's legal heirs claimed to be
owners of another Ac.1.00. Admittedly, Khaja Moinuddin and Lal Mohammed are  
brothers and there was no partition between legal heirs of Khaja Moinuddin and
Zaheda Begum, to whom the other one acre was gifted by Lal Mohammed on  
16.10.1984 by the date of filing of the suit O.S.43 of 1987. This happened only
on 29.3.1993 in O.S.15 of 1991 under a compromise decree. So they were co-owners
by date of decision in O.S.43 of 1987 on 9.2.1990 and decision in favour of one
co-owner therefore enures to the benefit of the other co-owner.
41. Therefore Khaja Moinuddin and his legal heirs/ purchasers from them (Syed
Ameen and Syed Rasool) can take advantage of the decision in O.S.No.43 of 1987
and contest the claim of the Wakf Board that property in Sy.No.356 is Wakf
property since they are privies in estate with Zaheda Begum/ Lal Mohammed who is
a party to O.S.No.43 of 1987. They can also invoke the principle of res
judicata.
42. The question whether the land in Sy.No.356 is private property of Lal
Mohammed or Wakf property was directly and substantially in issue in OS.No.43 of
1987 since the Wakf Board had specifically pleaded that the entire land in
Sy.No.356 of extent Acs.2.21 gts is Wakf land.  It's plea was " the land bearing
Sy.No.356 related to the Wakf Board...". It had not contended in OS.No.43 of
1987 that only the extent of Ac.1.00 gts in Sy.No.356 claimed by Zaheda Begum in
that suit was Wakf property.
43. In OS.No.156 of 2000, Syed Ameen and Syed Rasool and some of the purchasers  
from the legal heirs of Khaja Moinuddin pleaded that the extent of Ac.1.00 gts
in Sy.No.356 purchased by them under the sale deed dt.03.06.1994 is their
private property, but the legal heirs of Lal Mohammed who were defendant Nos.1
to 4 therein had taken the plea that the land in Sy.No.356 is Wakf property.
Subsequently the Wakf Board which was impleaded also took the plea that the
total extent in Sy.No.356 is Wakf property attached to the Dargah.
44. In OS.No.4 of 2000, the Wakf Board  contended that the entire land in
Sy.No.356 of extent Acs.2.21 gts is Wakf land.
45. In view of these pleadings it is clear that the identity of title to the
land in Sy.No.356 is specifically in issue in both OS.No.43 of 1987 and OS.No.4
of 2000/OS.No.156 of 2000.  It is also pertinent to note that the entire extent
of Acs.2.21 gts in Sy.No.356  is the subject matter of OS.No.4 of 2000 and it
includes the extent of Ac.1.00 gts gifted to Zaheda Begum by Lal Mohammed under
the Gift Deed dt.16.10.1984.
46. In Srimati Raj Lakshmi Dasi and others v. Banamali Sen and others (1 supra),
in a compromise decree dt.09.01.1907 passed in a suit filed in 1903, one
Katyayani was held entitled to a six anna share in absolute right in the estate
of one Raj Ballab  who had died.  She was the wife of the adopted son of Raj
Ballab.  Sens, the grandsons of Raj Ballab through his predeceased daughter,
were held entitled to four annas share.  Prior to the filing of the suit, the
Sens had mortgaged the whole estate to one Das to secure a loan.  Part of the
property of Raj Ballab's estate which had been allotted under the compromise to
the share of the Sens was notified under the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 on
16.01.1921.  On 07.07.1928, a joint Award was made in favour of all the
claimants.  Raj Lakshmi asked for a reference to the Court on the point of
apportionment of compensation and asserted that the Sens and Das were not
entitled to any portion of the compensation money.  The reference Court rejected
her claim but on appeal, the Privy Council declared that only Raj Lakshmi was
entitled to the entire compensation money.  Thereafter, Raj Lakshmi filed
another suit against the Sens and Das for possession of the properties which
represented the four anna share of the estate allotted to the Sens, the
possession of which was delivered to them in pursuance of the terms of the final
decree in the suit of 1903.  It was contended for the Sens that the judgment of
the Privy Council could not operate as res judicata against the contention of
the Sens and Das about the title to the four anna share of Raj Ballab's estate,
because the subject matter of those proceedings was the compensation money, a
sum of Rs.900/-, and not the property which is the subject matter of the later
suit.  The Supreme Court referred to and followed the decision of the Privy
Council in Bhagwati v. Ram Kali4 . In that case, in a regular suit which
concerned the rest of the property the plea of res judicata  was upheld by
reason of the decision in a prior land acquisition case which concerned another
part of the property which had been acquired and for which compensation was
payable. The Supreme Court held:
"19. .... the test of res judicata is the identity of the title in the two
litigations and not the identity of the actual property involved in the two
cases."
        It held that the argument of the Sens and Das was not tenable and was
liable to be rejected.
47.  The same principle was again reiterated in Ram Gobinda Daw and others v.
Smt. H. Bhakta Bala Dassi (2 supra), although on the facts of that case it was
not applied as the matter was not heard and finally decided on merits in the
previous litigation.
48. In V. Seetharama Swamy v. A Ugra Narasimha Murthy5, the principle in the
decision of Srimati Raj Lakshmi Dasi and others ( 1 supra) was applied by this
Court.  There, a suit was filed for injunction by lessor against his relative
based on a family arrangement.  The suit failed.  Subsequently, a suit was filed
for injunction by his lessee for different items of property but traceable to
the same family arrangement.  This Court held that there was complete identity
of subject matter in both suits and the later suit is therefore barred by res
judicata.  This Court held :
"11.    ... ... ... (3)  "Matter in issue" in S.11 of the Code of Civil Procedure
is distinct from the subject matter and the object of the suit as well as from
the relief that may be asked for in it and the cause of action on which it is
based, and the rule of res judicata requiring the identity of the matter in
issue will apply even when the subject matter, the object, the relief and the
cause of action are different.  It is the "matter in issue" and not the subject
matter of the suit that forms the essential test of res judicata."(emphasis
supplied)
        It held that the claim for possession in the earlier as well as in the
later suit are based on the factum of family arrangement and there is commonness
in the "matter in issue" in the two suits and a lawful judgment against a lessor
binds his lessee even though the latter is not a party to the judgment, in the
absence of any fraud or collusion.  It held that a lessee is a "privy" in estate
and any decision against his lessor in an earlier suit will bind the lessee in a
later suit filed by him though lessee was not a party to the earlier suit nor
the lessor  a party to the later suit and also, even if the said lease commenced
prior to the finality of the judgment in the earlier suit, provided however, the
lease is from month to month.
49. In K.Ethirajan v. Lakshmi6,  the Supreme Court held:

"20. The argument that the principle of res judicata cannot apply because in the
previous suit only a part of the property was involved when in the subsequent
suit the whole property is the subject-matter, cannot be accepted. The principle
of res judicata under Section 11 of the Code of Civil Procedure is attracted
where issues directly and substantially involved between the same parties in the
previous and subsequent suit are the same, maybe, in the previous suit only a
part of the property was involved when in the subsequent suit, the whole
property is the subject-matter."
50. Going by the above test, it is clear that the issue whether the land in
Sy.no.356 is Wakf property or not is the "matter in issue" in O.S.No.43 of 1987
as well as in O.S.No.156/2000/ O.S.No.4/2000. It was decided against the Wakf
Board in OS.No.43 of 1987  when the Sub-Ordinate Judge, Bhongir had declared
that the land of Acs.1.00 in Sy.No.356 is the property of Zaheda Begum under the
Gift deed dt.16.10.1984 executed by Lal Mohammed and also observed that land in
survey No.356 was not proved to be Wakf property.  Even if the actual property
which is subject mater of OS.No.43 of 1987 is different from the actual property
which is subject matter of OS.No.156 of 2000, still since there is "identity of
title" in both litigations (the Wakf Board having pleaded that the land in
Sy.No.356 was Wakf property in both litigations), the principle of res judicata
is attracted and the Tribunal could not have taken a different view in OS.No.156
of 2000.
51. Since the entire extent of Acs.2.21 gts in Sy.No.356 is the subject matter
of OS.No.4 of 2000, it was not open to the Tribunal in OS.No.4 of 2000 to hold
that the Ac.1.00 gts in it sold by legal heirs of Khaja Moinuddin is a Wakf
property ( and the other acre gifted to Zaheda Begum by Lal Mohammed was not
Wakf property) to annul the sale deed dt.3.6.1994 and the consequent two
agreements of sale dt.29.12.1999 and the third agreement of sale 30.12.1999,
contrary to the finding of the Civil Court in OS.No.43 of 1987 that the land in
Sy.No.356 is not Wakf property.
52. The Tribunal, in my opinion, erred in holding that the judgment in OS.No.43
of 1987 would not operate as res judicata on the ground that there is no
declaration in OS.No.43 of 1987 that the land in Sy.No.356 is Wakf property.
Infact the Court in O.S.43 of 1987 categorically observed that there is no
evidence adduced by the Wakf Board that land in Survey no.356 is Wakf property.
The Tribunal ought to have seen that when the court in OS.No.43 of 1987 declared
that the property is owned by Zaheda Begum, it also clearly rejected the plea of
the Wakf Board that it is Wakf property.
53.  The Tribunal also erred in holding that since the Wakf Board did not adduce
any evidence in OS.No.43 of 1987, and on that basis the decree in OS.No.43 of
1987 was passed, therefore the decision in OS.No.43 of 1987 is not a decision on
merits. Nothing prevented the Wakf Board from leading evidence in O.S.No.43 of
1987 in support of it's plea that land in Sy.No.356 is Wakf property. It cannot
take advantage of it's own wrong and seek to wriggle out of consequences of it's
own inaction in leading evidence in O.S.43 of 1987.  Whether or not the Wakf
Board has adduced any evidence in OS.No.43 of 1987 is irrelevant, since the
decision in OS.No.43 of 1987 was rendered on the evidence led by Zaheda Begum,
the plaintiff therein.  The applicability of principle of res judicata does not
depend upon whether the finding in the earlier litigation was rendered after
contest or ex parte.
54. In Saroja v. Chinnusamy (dead) by LRs. and another7, the Supreme Court held
as follows :
"15.  In this connection, reference can be made to a decision of the Madras High
Court in Arukkani Ammal v. Guruswamy which was also relied on by the first
appellate court. The Madras High Court in that decision observed as follows: (LW
p. 708, para 1)
"It is also difficult to appreciate the view taken by the District Munsif that
ex parte decree cannot be considered to be 'full decree on merits'. A decree
which is passed ex parte is as good and effective as a decree passed after
contest. Before the ex parte decree is passed, the court has to hold that the
averments in the plaint and the claim in the suit have been proved. It is,
therefore, difficult to endorse the observation made by the Principal District
Munsif that such a decree cannot be considered to be a decree passed on merits.
It is undoubtedly a decree which is passed without contest; but it is only after
the merits of the claim of the plaintiff have been proved to the satisfaction of
the trial court, that an occasion to pass an ex parte decree can
arise."(emphasis supplied)
16.      We are in full agreement with this view of the Madras High Court
holding that a decree which is passed ex parte is as good and effective as a
decree passed after contest. A similar view has also been expressed by a
Division Bench of the Allahabad High Court in Bramhanand Rai v. Dy. Director of
Consolidation."
If as held above, even an exparte decree would operate as res judicata, a
judgment like the one in O.S.No.43 of 1987 in which the Wakf Board was a party,
received summons, engaged a counsel, filed a written statement, yet for reasons
best known to it did not lead evidence, causing the Court to hold that land in
Sy.No.356 is not Wakf property, would definitely constitute res judicata.
 Even if the earlier decision in O.S.No.43 of 1987 is wrong, it still operates
as res judicata. In Mohan Lal Goenka v. Benoy Krishna Mukherjee8, the Supreme
Court categorically held that the correctness or otherwise of a decision has no
bearing on the question whether or not it operates as res judicata.

55. It was also not open to the Tribunal to hold that the decision in OS.No.43
of 1987 did not concern the remaining extent of Acs.1.21 gts in Sy.No.356 as the
Tribunal clearly overlooked the principle that the true test of applicability of
res judicata is the "identity of title" and not the identity of the subject
matter of the earlier suit and the later suit.  For this same reason, the
finding of the Tribunal that in regard to the extent of Acs.2.21 gts in
Sy.No.356 which is the subject matter of O.S.No.4 of 2000, the principle of res
judicata does not apply, cannot be rejected.
56. It is pertinent to note that after the judgment in OS.No.43 of 1987, there
was partition of the properties between the legal heirs of Khaja Moinuddin and
his brother Lal Mohammed in OS.No.15 of 1991 and at the said partition Ac.1.00
gts on the western side of Sy.No.356 was allotted to Zaheda Begum, Ac.1.00 gts
was allotted to legal heirs of Khaja Moinuddin and the balance Ac.0.21 gts was
recorded as having been covered by a road on the basis of this partition.
57. Merely because in OS.No.15 of 1991, the final decree stated that the suit
was not pressed against the legal heirs of Lal Mohammed (D.10 to D.13 there) and
others, it cannot be said that the judgment dt.29.03.1993 is collusive as held
by the Tribunal.  Since Lal Mohammed had gifted Ac.1.00 in Sy.No.356 to Zaheda
Begum, his niece and under the compromise decree in OS.No.15 of 1991, this
Ac.1.00 was allotted to Zaheda Begum who was D.27 therein, his wife and children
had no interest in the said property.  The wife and children of Lal Mohammed had
not questioned the Gift Deed dt.16.10.1984 executed by Lal Mohammed in favour of
Zaheda Begum or the decree obtained by her on 09.02.1990 in OS.No.43 of 1987.
Therefore, the suit OS.No.15 of 1991 was rightly not pressed against them as
they had no right, title or interest therein.
58. The Tribunal in its order had also expressed a doubt as to how Lal Mohammed,
a pious person could have given away the above extent to Zaheda Begum instead of
giving it to his wife and children and noted that he had even filed a suit
before the Junior Civil Judge, Ramannapet (mentioned as OS.No.202/1986 in the
judgment in OS.No.43 of 1987) denying the gift in favour of Zaheda Begum.  In my
opinion, this is also an irrelevant circumstance to decide whether the decree in
OS.No.15 of 1991 is collusive since nothing is placed before the Tribunal that
Lal Mohammed had succeeded in OS.No.202 of 1986 against Zaheda Begum and even if    
he did, since Zaheda Begum had obtained a declaration of title against Lal
Mohammed in OS.No.43 of 1987 apart from an injunction against him, Lal Mohammed  
can no longer be the owner of the Ac.1.00 gifted to Zaheda Begum.  Even assuming
that the gift to Zaheda Begum by Lal Mohammed leaving his wife and children is
unnatural, in the face of a decree suffered by Lal Mohammed in OS.No.43 of 1987,
the Tribunal ought not to have considered this fact to hold that the decree in
OS.No.15 of 1991 is collusive.   Therefore, the finding of the Tribunal that the
decree in OS.No.15 of 1991 is collusive is perverse and unsustainable.
59. Coming to the contentions of Sri A.M. Qureshi, counsel for respondent Nos.1,
2 and 4 in CRP.No.2053 of 2012 are concerned, admittedly, they are the legal
heirs of Lal Mohammed.  Lal Mohammed had executed a Gift deed gifting Ac.1.00
gts of land in Sy.No.356 to Zaheda Begum.  In OS.No.43 of 1987 Zaheda Begum had  
obtained a decree for declaration of her title and for injunction against both
Lal Mohammed and Andhra Pradesh Wakf Board.    It is therefore not open to them
to plead (contrary to the finding in the  judgment in OS.No.43 of 1987 and
contrary to the statement of Lal Mohammed in the gift deed dt.16.10.1984) that
the land in Sy.No.356 is Wakf property. So they are estopped from raising any
plea that the property in Sy.No.356 is Wakf property. When the Wakf Board is
barred from pleading that land in Sy.No.356 is Wakf property, the legal heirs of
Lal Mohammed , who  urge the same plea, also have to fail.
60. Although the counsel for respondent Nos.1, 2 and 4 in CRP.No.2037 of 2012
sought to contend that the judgment of the Civil Court is not binding on the
Tribunal and that after the judgment of the Civil Court on the basis of the
Survey Commissioner's report (Ex.A.2 in OS.No.4 of 2000), Ex.A.3/Gazette
Notification was issued mentioning the survey number wrongly as Sy.No.856 which
was subsequently corrected by issuing an errata on 13.01.2000 (Ex.A.6 in OS.No.4
of 2000) and that the Survey Commissioner's report and the Gazette notification
prevail over the decision of the Civil Court, I am unable to agree with the said
contention.
61. The judgment of a competent court of civil jurisdiction can only be set
aside by superior courts.  Its effect cannot be nullified either by a Survey
Commissioner or by a Gazette notification issued by the Government at the
instance of the Wakf Board.  If such a contention is accepted it would be amount
to allowing the decision of a judicial body to be overruled by an Executive act.
Any such act would violate the "Doctrine of Separation of powers" which is part
of the Basic structure of the Constitution and cannot be allowed.   When even
the Legislature cannot over-turn a judgment (it can only take away the basis of
a judgment9), it is not open to the Executive to claim such a power which even
the Legislature does not possess.
62. Section 5 of the Wakf Act, 1995 states that after the Survey Commissioner
submits its report under Sub-Section (3) of Section 4 to the State Government
would forward the copy of the said report to the Wakf Board and the Wakf Board
would then examine the report and then get it published in the Gazette.
63. In a situation like the present one, when the Wakf Board is aware that its
title in respect of a particular parcel of land is lost by a decree of a Civil
Court, it cannot override the said decision of the civil court  by directing
publication in the Gazette of a list of Wakfs properties prepared by the Survey
Commissioner which include the property which was subject matter of the said
litigation.  This would amount permitting a party to litigation to escape the
consequences of a judgment by misusing the provisions of the Wakf Act, 1995.
The 2nd proviso to sub-Section (1) of Section 7 bars the Tribunal from reopening
any question which had been heard and finally decided by a Civil Court in a suit
instituted before the commencement of the Wakf Act, 1995.  Since the issue of
title to the land in Sy.No.356 was decided by the Civil Court in OS.No.43 of
1987, this provision bars the Tribunal from reopening the said question.
64. I am also of the view that the judgment in Sayyed Ali (3 supra), sought to
be relied by the counsel for respondent Nos.1, 2 and 4 in CRP.No.2053 of 2012
has no application.  In that case, the Tahsildar exercising jurisdiction under
the Andhra Pradesh (Andhra Area) Inams (Abolition and conversion into Tyotwari)
Act, 1956 had given a finding in a proceeding before him that the property which
was subject matter of the said enquiry before him under that Act for grant of
patta was not Wakf property.  The said finding of the Tahsildar was sought to be
relied upon in subsequent suit filed by the Wakf Board under Section 6 of the
Act.  The Supreme Court held that under the provisions of the said Act, it was
not competent for the Tahsildar to adjudicate upon the character of Wakf
property and the finding given him  is without jurisdiction and so it would not
operate as res judicata in the subsequent suit filed by the Wakf Board.
65.  In the present case, it was the Civil Court in OS.No.43 of 1987 which had
decided that the land in Sy.No.356 is not Wakf property and the said finding was
given on merits.  It is not the contention of the counsel for respondents that
the Civil Court could not have given such a finding and that such finding is
without jurisdiction.  Therefore, the finding of the Civil Court in OS.No.43 of
1987 would bind the Tribunal constituted under the Wakf Act, 1995.
66.  Moreover Ex.A13 in O.S.No.4 of 2000 (the order passed by the Joint
Collector in the appeal under the A.P.(Telangana Area) Abolition of Inams Act,
1955 that the subject land is a service inam land and is a Wakf property , on
which the Tribunal placed much reliance) would be a decision without
jurisdiction in view of the judgement in Sayyed Ali (3 supra), because it was
not for authorities under the said Act to decide whether the property is Wakf
property, more so,  after a civil court had held that it was not Wakf property.
67. For all the above reasons I hold that the land which was subject mater of
O.S.156/2000 and O.S.No.4/2000 in Sy.No.356 is not Wakf property. It was
therefore competent for the legal heirs of Khaja Moinuddin to sell the Ac.1.00
gts of land allotted to them to Syed Ameen and Syed Rasool under the sale deed
dt.03.06.1994.  The subsequent sales in favour of defendant Nos.11 to 16 by Syed
Ameen and Syed Rasool as also the sales in favour of the petitioners in
CRP.Nos.5236 of 2013 and 5237 of 2013 would therefore be valid and cannot be
questioned by the Wakf Board.
68. I am also unable to agree with finding of the Tribunal that Syed Ameen and
Syed Rasool were not in possession of land in Ac.1.00 in Sy.No.356 on date of
filing of O.S.79/1999 (O.S.156/2000). The Pahanis for the year 1994-95, 95-96
and 96-97 show the possession of Syed Ameen and Syed Rasool in respect of  
Ac.1.00gts  in Sy.No.356. The said entries are presumed to have been made in the
normal course after verification by the Revenue authorities. They cannot be
given a go by merely because they do not mention about  an order under the A.P.
Record of Rights in Land and Pattedar Pass Books Act, 1971 in their favour. In
my view it is not necessary for them to prove that they are cultivating the land
either.  Since the entries about possession of the Wakf Board  in the subsequent
pahanies were made on the basis of the Ex.A13 order of the Joint Collector in an
appeal under the A.P. (Telangana Area) Abolition of Inams Act,1955, and the said
order was held to be without jurisdiction supra, the later entries cannot be
believed. Therefore  it is held that Syed Ameen and Syed Rasool are  in
possession of this land on the date of filing of the suit O.S.No.79/1999
(O.S.No.156 of 2000). They are therefore entitled to perpetual injunction
restraining the Wakf Board and other defendants therein from interfering with
their possession and enjoyment of Ac.1.00 gts in Sy.No.356 mentioned in the
plaint schedule thereto.
69. Therefore, the common judgment in OS.No.4 of 2000 and OS.No.156 of 2000 is  
set aside and OS.No.156 of 2000 is decreed and OS.No.4 of 2000 is dismissed. 
The Civil Revision Petitions are allowed as above with costs of Rs.2,500/- to be
paid by the Wakf Board to each of the petitioners in the CRPs.
__________________________________    
JUSTICE M.S.RAMACHANDRA RAO        
Date: 25-02-2014

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